Marking CY22 as a landmark year, Faysal Bank (FABL) has completed the process of converting to a full-fledged Islamic Bank, set to commence operations from 1 January, 2023, a conversion that started eight years ago.
Simultaneously with the conversion process, the bank continued to grow with highest deposit growth recorded organically at 21% YoY. The last time FABL reported a high deposit growth was in 2010, which was a result of acquiring RBS Pakistan.
CY22 growth was supported by branch network expansion, opening 94 new branches in the outgoing year (a new branch every 3 – 4 days), taking total network size to 700 branches. The management targets 20% – 25% deposit growth for CY23 as it eyes to continue market share expansion.
With that, branch network expansion is likely to continue as well aiming 55 new branches this year.
With 44% of deposits contributed by savings, FABL has an advantage over to offer lower than the minimum mandated rate of 18.5% for conventional banks under the Minimum Deposit Rate regulation – not currently applicable on Islamic deposits, an analyst at JS Global Capital said.
Despite that, its cost of funds is among the higher ranked in the sector. Out of the deposit mix, 35% of deposits are contributed by zero-cost deposits, which is a relatively lower share compared to peer average of 39%.
Strong loan growth with improving asset quality
Having said that, FABL was able to report among the higher net interest margin (NIMs) in CY22 as its yields on loans stands higher than peers. The bank’s loan book is well-diversified with 12% composition from Individuals – a relatively higher loan yield segment.
The bank also stood strong with negative non-performing loan (NPL) accretion in CY22, improving infection ratio to 4.6%. The bank however holds a lower coverage ratio, currently at 89%, vis-à-vis peer average of 100% (FSV benefit of Rs1.9bn/9% of NPL stock).
With 15% YoY higher loan book, FABL maintains an ADR of 58%, while it has increased its equity multiplier (CY22: 15x) to also avail higher yield investments.
As a result, investment-to-deposit (IDR) has increased to 60%, where 80% of the Investment book is broadly parked in variable rate Sukuks.
Going forward, management intends to maintain prevailing ADR level, keeping loan book expansion in tandem with deposit growth.
Comfortable buffer on CAR despite one-time hefty dividend
With a 38% YoY higher profit, Faysal Bank reported an earning per share (EPS) of Rs7.4 driven by 55% YoY higher Net Spread Earned (with a mix of higher asset size and higher interest rates) and reversals under various categories.
These factors more than offset the 31% YoY increase in Administration expenses and higher effective tax rate of 50% over higher Super Tax in CY22.
During the year, the bank’s cash payout of Rs7/share included a one-time Rs5.5/share as it distributed conventional retained earnings held in its books as a part of the conversion.
With a 95% payout ratio, the bank’s total capital adequacy ratio (CAR) declined by 206bp YoY, clocking in at 15.5%, which is 397bp above the minimum requirement. From here onward, a likely regular dividend payout policy would be practised.
As the bank’s 100% depositor base is now ‘interest cautious’, it can avail the opportunity of further expanding share of zero-cost deposits and / or offer lower rates on savings accounts, a potential trigger to expansion in Return on Equity (ROE). Moreover, operating at one of the most inefficient Cost to Income ratios provides room for improvement to bank’s potential ROE, through increasing efficiencies.